【藏 品名称】： 银元 【藏 品 年 代】： 民国
[Collection na配资欠配资网站的钱怎么办me]: YinYuan [collection date]: Republican China
【藏 品 类 型】: 钱 币 【藏 品 信 息】: 直径：39.9毫米 重量：26.86克
Collection type: Coins ···[collection message]: diameter: 39.9mm, weight: 26.86g
后来，墨西哥商人到中国购买物品，带进来墨西哥的银元，也叫墨银，它是用机器铸配资欠配资网站的钱怎么办造的，分量更准确，每个含银7钱3分，库称是7钱2分，上面有一只鹰，俗称“番饼”，又称“鹰洋”或“洋钿”，有人甚至称作“番佛一尊”，可见当时一般人对银元的重视。 光绪年间，银元大量铸造，上面有一条龙，称为“龙洋”。民国初年，先后铸造有孙中山侧面头像和袁世凯侧面头像的银元，俗称“孙小头”和“袁大头”，重量均为7钱3分。 100个银元的重量有73两，不可能带在身上，因此市面上大宗交易时，都用钱庄的“庄票”。银元放在身上，锵锵有声，白花花的光泽更是炫眼，所以携带大量银元容易发生事故，俗语“财不露白”，“白”便是指银元而言。
20世纪初，一个银元可换128－140枚铜元；一个银元可买鸡蛋150个，或150根油条。 1935年前，中国的货币制度采取银本位，白银包括银两和银元。1933年4月，国民党政府“废两改元”后一律使用银元。而帝国主义国家由于实行金本位，所以白银属一般商品。 1933年上半年，世界银价一度从每盎司16.5便士上涨至20.5便士，此时中国一下子便出口白银3400万两。而那些帝国主义把中国的白银运到伦敦高价出售，每装运1000万银元，即可获暴利400万元。在1934年一年中，仅上海流出的白银至少有2亿多元。
For nearly 100 years, the silver dollar has occupied an important position in China's circulation field. Silver dollar originated from Shanghai silver cake. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, some rich merchants in Shanghai operated a “sand boat” business. This kind of boat franchise transported salt from the north to Shanghai, and yellow sand from the south to the north. This kind of yellow sand mixed with stones and mud is called “Sanhe soil” and is the main building material. This kind of shipyard shipyard employs a large number of employees. When paying monthly wages, in order to avoid disputes caused by weighing and crushing silver, rich merchants Wang Yongsheng, Yu Shensheng and others have made their own silver cakes, and each silver cake is worth 5 silver . What I saw on the market was the six years of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty.
Later, Mexican merchants went to China to buy items, and brought in the silver dollar from Mexico, also known as Mo Yin. It was cast with a machine and the weight was more accurate. Each containing silver was 7 cents and 3 cents, and the library said it was 7 cents and 2 cents. The eagle, commonly known as "pancake", also known as "eagle ocean" or "foreign son", and some people even called "A Buddha of Fan", shows that the ordinary people paid attention to silver dollars at that time. During the period of Guangxu, silver dollars were cast in large quantities and there was a dragon on it, called "Dragon Ocean". In the early years of the Republic of China, silver coins with a profile picture of Sun Yat-sen and a profile picture of Yuan Shikai were cast in succession, commonly known as "Sun Xiaotou" and "Yuan Datou", each weighing 7 cents and 3 cents. The weight of 100 silver dollars is 73, and it is impossible to carry it on the body. Therefore, the bank's "zhuang ticket" is used for large transactions on the market. The silver dollar is placed on the body, the sound of the clang is loud, and the luster of the white flower is dazzling. Therefore, carrying a large number of silver dollars is prone to accidents. The saying "the money is not exposed to white", "white" refers to the silver dollar.
In the early 20th century, one silver dollar could be exchanged for 128-140 copper coins; one silver dollar could buy 150 eggs, or 150 fried dough sticks. Before 1935, China's monetary system adopted the silver standard, and silver included silver two and silver dollar. In April 1933, the Kuomintang government used the silver dollar after "abolishing the two reforms." Since imperialist countries implement the gold standard, silver is a general commodity. In the first half of 1933, the world silver price once rose from 16.5 pence per ounce to 20.5 pence. At this time, China exported 34 million silver at once. Those imperialists shipped Chinese silver to London for sale at a high price, and for every shipment of 10 million silver dollars, they could make a huge profit of 4 million yuan. In the year of 1934, the silver outflow from Shanghai alone was at least 200 million yuan.
On November 3, 1935, the Kuomintang government issued an order for "currency reform", deciding that the central government, China, and transportation (and joined the Farmer's Bank of China in 1936) issued paper currency as "fiat currency," prohibiting the circulation of silver, and silver was nationalized. At that time, the Kuomintang government seized more than 300 million dollars. The fiat currency was set at one dollar and one pound and one shilling and two pence and a half, but according to the silver price in the market at that time, each dollar of fiat currency was one shilling and ten pence, and the difference in actual value between them was 8 pence. The real value of one yuan of fiat currency has been lowered by 6 quarters and 5 minutes. From the perspective of the issue index and the price index, inflation has actually started in the implementation of the fiat currency policy.